Tyre Damages – Causes and Types

Tyres can incur damage for numerous reasons, and many of the times, it can happen without the driver knowing about it. The most common types of damages occur in form of punctures, cuts, impacts, cracks, and bulges. This article discusses different types of tyre damages, enlightening the causes and types of tyre damages.

1) Regular wear and tear 

The first type of damage is regular wear and tear, making it significant to rotate the tires. There is no such guarantee of how long the tyres will last, as all tyres, vehicles and drivers vary, but experts believe 5 years is a safe bet. 

2) Cuts and Punctures 

Your vehicle tyres are most vulnerable to cuts and punctures from road debris. Stones and glass may not always be causing a puncture but we recommend having a thorough check of the tyres. If there are any visible physical damages seen, it may be a result of road debris. 

Moreover, it is common to have tyre damage through the puncture. When you have debris such as a nail or screw entrenched in the tyre for some time before it gets noticed. If you observe your tyre losing out the air pressure consistently, it may likely be the result of picking up the debris that has been the ultimate cause. Further, if the damage is only on the tread instead of the sidewall of the tyre, and is measured to be less than ¼ inches, this damage is easily repairable. 

3) Impact Break or External Bulge

An impact break identifies as the damage inflicted on the carcass, which is the casing of the tyre. It occurs when the tyres come in contact with certain hindrances. The external bulge, on the other hand, occurs on the sidewall of the tyre, which depicts that the cords are destroyed within the carcass. This perilous damage is caused by driving over a specific object such as kerbs or speed bumps when the car is driving at an excessive speed, or directed at the wrong angle. It results in overstressing the carcass and breaking the cords. 

The intensity of the damage varies and relies on the speed and angle on which it is impacted, along with the size of the obstacle. Those who watchfully drives are likely to avoid this damage unless there is a possibility of the obstacle being in front of it instantly, where they are unable to steer around. One should never ignore such damage as it surges the chances of failure in future terms. It may result in either delamination of the tread or some cases disintegration of the tyre sidewall. Nevertheless, one should know the difference between impact break and sidewall indentation. 

4) Sidewall Bulge 

The sidewall bulge is caused by continuous driving after a puncture or when the tyre is in an underinflated state. The damaged bead ply cords occur as a result of the improper mounting. Moreover, the nail cut can also cause the sidewall bulge, which results due to the repeated abrasion of the sharp object on carcass damage that inflicts the ply cords from the inside on the low sidewall area. This result in the carcass losing strength on the deflated area, hence the sidewall bulges out. 

In these cases, it is recommended for you to always sustain the inflation pressure. Whenever the tyre or the tube gets punctured, one must stop the vehicle and get it checked or replaced. Another solution is to drive carefully, avoiding the boulders, nails and screws on the road. 

To avoid plunging in regular tyre damage, which affects your car and your pocket too, one must resort to the Best Car Tyre Brand, for which Dunlop is a synonym. We recommend you to have an eye on the damages, as it will take you far and make you go the distance. In terms of instilling new tyres, Dunlop is the wise choice in terms of trust, longevity and high performance.